BlueCross BlueShield of Tennessee Medical Policy Manual



Blepharoplasty is a surgical procedure involving the removal of excess tissue from the upper or lower eyelids. It may be either reconstructive (functional) or cosmetic (aesthetic).  The most common reason for performing reconstructive, or functional, blepharoplasty is to correct a diminished visual field caused by the weight of excess upper eyelid tissue; this condition is known as pseudoptosis.  Cosmetic blepharoplasty is performed to improve/alter appearance.





Surgery may be performed to treat eyelid lesions/alterations due to inflammatory processes such as Grave's disease, ectropion, entropion, blepharoptosis, and ptosis (floppy eyelid syndrome). It may also be indicated in cases of trauma to the eyelids and orbit. However, this policy does not include these conditions and/or diagnoses, nor does it address their surgical management.


American Society of Plastic Surgeons. (2007, March). Practice parameter for blepharoplasty. Retrieved January 11, 2012 from

Cahaba Government Benefits Administrators, LLC. (2018, January) Local Coverage Determination (LCD): Surgery: Blepharoplasty (L34286). Retrieved February 14, 2018 from

Kang, M.S. & Jeong, E. C. (2016). Excision of a lower eyelid inflammatory pseudotumor combined with lower blepharoplasty. Archives of Plastic Surgery, 43 (1), 102-104.

Kashkouli, M. B., Jamshidian-Tehrani, M., Sharzad, S. & Sanjari, M. S. (2015). Upper blepharoplasty and lateral wound dehiscence. Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology, 22 (4), 452-456.

Kondapalli, S. S., Czyz, C. N., Stacey, A. W., Cahill, K. V., Foster, J. A. (2016). Use of kaolin-impregnated gauze for improvement of intraoperative hemostasis and postoperative wound healing in blepharoplasty. Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology, 9 (6), 51-55. Abstract retrieved February 10, 2017 from PubMed database.

Naik M. (2013). Blepharoplasty and periorbital surgical rejuvenation. Indian Journal Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, 79 (1), 41-51. (Level 5 evidence)

Naik, M. N., Honavar, S. G., Das, S., Desai, S., & Dhepe, N. (2009). Blepharoplasty: An overview. Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery, 2 (1), 6-11. (Level 5 evidence)

Pool, S. M., Krabbe-Timmerman, I. S., Cromheecke, M., & van der Lei, B. (2015). Improved upper blepharoplasty outcome using an internal intradermal suture technique: a prospective randomized study. Dermatologic Surgery, 41 (2), 246-249. Abstract obtained March 25, 2016 from PubMed database.




Policies included in the Medical Policy Manual are not intended to certify coverage availability. They are medical determinations about a particular technology, service, drug, etc. While a policy or technology may be medically necessary, it could be excluded in a member's benefit plan. Please check with the appropriate claims department to determine if the service in question is a covered service under a particular benefit plan. Use of the Medical Policy Manual is not intended to replace independent medical judgment for treatment of individuals. The content on this Web site is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice in any way. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health care provider if you have questions regarding a medical condition or treatment.

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