BlueCross BlueShield of Tennessee Medical Policy Manual



Blepharoplasty of the upper eyelid can be performed to improve vision or to improve appearance. An upper eyelid blepharoplasty is considered functional when the redundant tissue overhangs the upper eyelid to the degree that it produces significant visual field impairment in primary or down (reading) gaze. Such impairment may include difficulty with reading, ambulation, and driving. Excess upper eyelid skin can rest on and depress the lashes obstructing vision.

Unobstructed, the superior field normally measures approximately 45 – 50 degrees. A margin reflex distance (MRD) of 2 mm corresponds to a superior visual field impairment of 12-15 degrees. Thus, a baseline superior visual field of 30-35 degrees corresponds to an MRD of 2 mm. A superior visual field of 30 degrees or less that improves with eyelid elevation corresponds to a functional superior visual field loss.





In instances when only one eye meets the medical appropriateness criteria, bilateral blepharoplasty should be allowed if requested.


American Academy of Ophthalmology. (2018). Upper eyelid blepharoplasty. Retrieved December 3, 2018 from

American Society of Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (ASOPRS). (2014). White paper on functional blepharoplasty, blepharoptosis, and brow ptosis repair. Retrieved December 3, 2018 from Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. Palmetto GBA. (2018, October). Eyelid surgery, and brow lift (L34411). Retrieved December 3, 2018 from




Policies included in the Medical Policy Manual are not intended to certify coverage availability. They are medical determinations about a particular technology, service, drug, etc. While a policy or technology may be medically necessary, it could be excluded in a member's benefit plan. Please check with the appropriate claims department to determine if the service in question is a covered service under a particular benefit plan. Use of the Medical Policy Manual is not intended to replace independent medical judgment for treatment of individuals. The content on this Web site is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice in any way. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health care provider if you have questions regarding a medical condition or treatment.

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