BlueCross BlueShield of Tennessee Medical Policy Manual

Breast Augmentation / Mammaplasty (Non-Cancerous)


Breast augmentation / mammaplasty is a procedure used to correct breast hypoplasia or agenesis. Hypoplasia is defined as the underdevelopment or incomplete development of a tissue or organ. Agenesis is defined as lack of development. These conditions can occur unilaterally or bilaterally and may be congenital or acquired.  Some of the more common deformities indicated for breast reconstruction surgery includes Poland’s Syndrome and tuberous breast(s).





TN State Mandate addressing reconstructive breast surgery applies to services rendered following mastectomy and does not apply to this policy.


American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. (2017). Breast and labial surgery in adolescents. Retrieved January 7, 2019 from

American Society of Plastic Surgeons. (2004, December; reaffirmed June 2015). Breast augmentation in teenagers. Retrieved January 7, 2019 from http://

Brault, N., Stivala, A., Guillier, D., Moris, V., Revol, M., Francois, C., & Cristofari, S. (2017). Correction of tuberous breast deformity: a retrospective study comparing lipofilling versus breast implant augmentation. Journal of Plastic, Reconstruction and Aesthetic Surgery, 70 (5), 585-595. Abstract retrieved April 20, 2017 from PubMed database.

Klinger, M., Caviggioli, F.,Giannasi, S., Bandi, V., Banzatti, B., Veronesi, A. (2016). The prevalence of tuberous/constricted breast deformity in population and in breast augmentation and reduction mammaplasty patients. Aesthetic Plastic Surgery. 2016 June 6. [Epub ahead of print] Abstract retrieved July 6, 2016 from PubMed database.




Policies included in the Medical Policy Manual are not intended to certify coverage availability. They are medical determinations about a particular technology, service, drug, etc. While a policy or technology may be medically necessary, it could be excluded in a member's benefit plan. Please check with the appropriate claims department to determine if the service in question is a covered service under a particular benefit plan. Use of the Medical Policy Manual is not intended to replace independent medical judgment for treatment of individuals. The content on this Web site is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice in any way. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health care provider if you have questions regarding a medical condition or treatment.

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